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Understanding Open Source Operating Systems

Open Source is an operating system that is often used for PCs or Android nowadays. This is one of the programs that is run on every software so that your computer or Android smartphone can run well.

If we talk about Open Source, there is another opposite, namely Closed Source, the difference between the two is very closely related to the program, whether it can be modified by the user or not.

If seen from the definition, Open Source is an open operating system that is free for anyone to view, modify, use and share, but must still comply with the requirements of open source licenses such as MIT, GNU Public License, and Apache 2.0.

However, this is different from Closed Source, where in this operating system only the developers of the company concerned have the right to modify the existing system, with their development and can update the operating system when necessary.

With the presence of this open license or Open Source, the source code can be managed freely by anyone, this is very useful, especially for those of you who are experienced and have a lot of knowledge in the programming field. Apart from being able to fix existing bugs, users can also make adjustments to the appearance. OS. However, now there are many circles or communities of Open Source lovers who are developing to create their own OS systems that are different from the manufacturer's, for example creating custom rooms on PCs or Android smartphones which are considered to be better than the default Rom from the manufacturer.

Various open source operating systems

Open Source can be found on operating systems such as Unix, Linux. Basically, Linux itself has many developments which are derivatives, including Debian, Slackware, Redhat and SuSE, which then many people call Linux distros. The following are examples of open source operating systems including:

1. Unix

Unix is an operating system which was a design carried out by the United States for the Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing Service) project. This was the beginning of Unix in 1965, after the development of Unix came the newest generation, namely Linux. Currently, Unix is not very capable so it has been replaced by Linux, it is very rare to find Unix-based computer devices.

2. BSD Berkeley (Berkeley Software Distribution)

BSD is an operating system that is similar to Unix but the difference is that it is not part of Unix. BSD or Berkeley Software Distribution is a Free BSD that can be developed by anyone for free because it is Open Source based, but unfortunately this software is rarely used unlike Linux which has quite a lot of popularity.

3.  GNU Linux

Linux is a very popular PC operating system, many users choose to use this operating system. Initially Linux was a development of Unix which has now been transformed into Linux with all the features and other sophistications found in this operating system so it is no wonder it is so popular, apart from that Linux is also known as Open Source, users can view, modify and share existing code. However, unfortunately Linux is only popular overseas, whereas in Indonesia many users choose to use Windows which is closed source, this is because Linux is a little more complicated than Windows. Linux is included as an operating system that has high progress because the operating system is open source.

Linux is also the best for various kinds of Linux distributions including:

Redhat > This operating system is considered the easiest to use, its features are designed to make it easier for users to operate it.

Debian > This operating system is quite stable and very smooth even though it runs a lot of heavy programs, however Debian uses its process to run programs using the Debian .deb operating system. Slackware > This program is the part of Linux that is considered the most influential, Slackware has been proven that when running programs, kernels, libraries or applications, this system can work optimally so that it is considered reliable in carrying out all its tasks. Slackware is an open source operating system with RPM 4.0 binaries and also uses libc5 which is much better than the previous version.

SuSE > Is an Open Source operating system from Linux, this first operating system is known for being able to use Indonesian during installation, with all its developments now SuSE is much more stable than the previous version.

Mandrake  is a development operating system from Linux that uses Pentium to run all its systems very quickly

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